Court name
Harare High Court
Case number
HC 2853 of 2011

Mhandu v Mushore & Ors (HC 2853 of 2011) [2011] ZWHHC 80 (24 March 2011);

Law report citations
Media neutral citation
[2011] ZWHHC 80


















HARARE 24th March 2011 and 25 March 2011


MissMurambatsvina, for the applicant

MrDzvetero, for the respondents


Urgent chamber Application


BHUNU J: The applicant is the holder of an offer letter in respect of subdivision 8 of Galloway in the district of Mazowe in Mashonaland Central Province. He is involved in a vicious land dispute with the first four respondents hereinafter referred to as the respondents.

None of the respondents has an offer letter relating to plot 8. The second and third respondents claim occupation through one Gweshe the holder of an offer letter to plot 9.

On 17 February 2011 the applicant obtained default summary judgment against the respondents under Case Number HC 5434/10. The respondents subsequently filed an application for rescission of judgment and the matter is yet to be determined. The respondents then filed an application for stay of execution pending the determination of the application for rescission of judgment. That application is yet to be determined as well. The applicant has now filed an application for leave to execute pending the finalization of the respondents’ applications.

The respondents resisted this application on the basis that the applicant has nolocus standi and that the matter is pending before MTSHIYA J in the sense that the issues to be determined in an application for stay of execution are essentially the same as those to be determined in an application for leave to execute pending determination of other proceedings.

During the course of the hearing it was conceded that the applicant has locus standi in that he is the holder of an offer letter to the disputed land. During the course of the hearing it emerged that the dispute boils down to a boundary dispute. On the face of it, it appears to me that those respondents who claim occupation through another cannot engage in a boundary dispute with the applicant without seeking protection from their principal through whom they claim occupation It also appears to me that the respondents who hold offer letters for other plots other than plot 8 are in a precarious position regarding their entitlement to plot 8 or portions there of.

There is a presumption of validity of a government document regular on its face until it is lawfully invalidated. Thus the applicant’s offer letter must be deemed valid until it is shown otherwise. The offer letter therefore confers rights of unimpeded occupation on the applicants until the courts have determined otherwise. The courts generally lean in favour of the enjoyment of rights rather than their extinction. The matter would have been different had the respondents either individually or collectively been holders of an offer letter for the disputed piece of land.

I consider land dispute cases to be urgent because if not resolved they disrupt production on the land upon which the creation of wealth and the economic survival of the nation is based. While I accept that the issues to be determined at the hearing for stay of execution are essentially the same as those to be determined in this application for leave to execute, it is necessary to issue an order to facilitate peace and productivity on the disputed land pending the determination in the pending proceedings.

            As the applicant is already in possession of a valid judgment which has not been upset at this stage he is entitled to temporary relief pending MTSHIYA J’s determination In Case Number 2158/11. In coming to that conclusion I am mindful that the law places a heavy onus on the respondents to convince the Court that they are entitled to stay of execution. SeeTrainos Madaka v Rodney H B – 116-89. The remarks of DUMBUTSHENA AJP as he then was in the case of Chibanda v King 1983 (1) ZLR 116 fortifies my position. In that case the learned Judge observed that,


“It must be borne in mind that if the Court were to extend mercy, it will be doing   it at the expense of a litigant who has already established in Court his right and title to what is being claimed. Such mercy should rather be sought in the action itself before judgment is given, not afterwards.”


The justice of the case therefore, demands that the applicant be granted interim relief pending the judgment of MTSHIYA J. It is accordingly ordered:


  1. That pending the judgment of MTSHIYA J in Case number 2158/11 the respondents be and are hereby ordered to vacate plot 8 of Galloway in the district of Mazowe in Mashonaland central Province.
  2. Costs are to be costs in the cause.







I Murambatsvina,Legal Practitioners, applicant’s legal practitioners

Antonio & Associates,defendants’ legal practitioners